"grisly connivers in all the beer halls in Munich"

Marienplatz during the Beer Hall Putsch, Munich
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeMarienplatz during the Beer Hall Putsch, Munich - Credit: Deutsches Bundesarchiv
This is a reference to the Beer Hall Putsch, the German word for a coup d’état, during which a 34-year-old veteran of the First World War named Adolf Hitler attempted to start a revolution to take over Germany. With 600 men, he broke into the Bürgerbräukeller in Munich on the evening of Nov. 8, 1923, while a political rival was speaking to a crowd of 3,000, whom Hitler’s men kept as prisoners while he tried to inflame them to his cause.

Inspired by Benito Mussolini’s successful March on Rome the year before, the Putsch failed and Hitler was tried and convicted of high treason. The incident brought considerable attention to the Nazis and their ideas, however. Sentenced to five years, Hitler served only eight months in Landsberg Prison, where he wrote Mein Kampf.