"I required a moment to understand that Torgny was referring to the Californian mining-fields "
Gold Rush Map
Public DomainGold Rush Map               Credit: David Rumsey Map Collection

The Californian Gold Rush (1848-1855) drew thousands of fortune seekers worldwide. The population of California increased by around 300,000, of whom around half had travelled from overseas. They became known as the 'forty-niners'. The majority would return home worse off than when they arrived.

California Clipper
Public DomainCalifornia Clipper