Herbert von Karajan (1908-1989) was probably one of the world's most successful conductors. He was born in Salzburg, Austria, and conducted the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra for 35 years, selling around 200 million records. He attracted notoriety for joining the Nazi party in 1933, rising to prominence in Nazi Germany shortly thereafter. He was referred to by Isaiah Berlin as "a genius, with a whiff of sulphur about him". He preferred the Berlin over the Vienna Philharmonic, explaining: 'If I tell the Berliners to step forward, they do it. If I tell the Viennese to step forward, they do it. But then they ask why.'
Listen on Spotify: Beethoven Symphony No.9 in D minor