"idleness is the root of all evil"

Idleness was considered coterminous to immorality, leading one magistrate to remark 'Idleness is a never-failing road to criminality'.

Although the upper-classes had leisure time, they too were expected to perform certain social or charitable duties.

Society’s attitude towards idleness in captured in William Hogarth's series of engravings, Industry and Idleness (1747), an instructive work intended to demonstrate to children the rewards of industry and the perils of indolence.