On the right, is an example of a Benin mask. The ivory pendant mask, thought to originate from the early sixteenth century, was commissioned by the King (Oba) of Benin to honour his mother, Idia.
The King would have worn this mask to commemorate his mother, and masks of this type have gone on to be worn at ceremonies to ward away evil spirits.
Thoth, an Egyptain god or deity, is often depicted with the head of an ibis or a baboon, as in the woodest bust on the left. He has been described as the son of Ra, although some believe he invented himself through the power of words and language. Egyptians believed him to be the creator of magic and the writer and record keeper of all knowledge.