(Canto 1, line 68)
Lombardy, as a medieval geographical term, derives its name from the Lombards or Langobards, a Germanic people which inhabited the lands of the Po river valley in northern Italy during the 6th to 8th centuries AD. In Dante's time, it referred to a region that overlapped with the modern region Lombardia, but also included parts of what is now Veneto and Emilia-Romagna. "Lombards" were then a name for people inhabiting this area, but was often used to mean simply "Italians" and especially Italians of the Alps region. However, in Virgil's own time, the modern region of Lombardia belonged to the Roman province Gallia Cisalpina. Commentator Reggio therefore notes this line as a famous example of an anachronistic use by Dante in the "Comedy".