"On whose account the maid Camilla died, Euryalus, Turnus, Nisus, of their wounds"

(Canto 1, lines 107-108)

These four figures are characters from the Aeneid, belonging to the opposing sides of the war waged by Aeneas and his Trojans in Latium. Camilla, mentioned in a previous bookmark, was killed in battle; Euryalus and Nisus were close friends and fought on Aeneas' side, but lost their lives in a nightly attack on Turnus' Rutuli forces; Turnus, who planned to take the Latin princess Lavinia as his bride, was killed by Aeneas in the Aeneid's culminating battle. This war was fought over Latium, Roman soil which here is made to stand for all of Italy.