"My maker was divine authority, The highest wisdom, and the primal love"

Dante and Virgil enter Hell
Public DomainDante and Virgil enter Hell - Credit: William Blake

(Canto 3, lines 5-6)

It might appear strange that Hell should be characterised as created by "primal love". Actually, it is the divine Trinity which is meant: in the Convivio, Dante has described the Trinity in a very like manner: the "supreme power of the Father", "the supreme wisdom of the Son" and the "supreme and most fervent love of the Holy Spirit". Sapegno explains that Hell is not only a product of the authority or power of God, but as much a product of the wisdom that have created an orderly universe and the love whose supreme manifestation is justice, the three different aspects of God.