"And likewise in the wish thou keepest silent"

(Canto 10, line 18)

The silent wish seems to be to learn if other Florentines are punished here, especially Farinata, whom Dante learned about from Ciacco among the gluttonous in the third circle (Canto 6). Though Farinata was a Ghibelline leader and therefore a political opponent of the Guelf Dante, he was a man widely admired for his upright character, and considered even by Guelf observers as a wise and brave knight. Dante also has great respect for him, as is to be seen in the following lines. Farinata died in 1264; in 1266, the Ghibelline supporter king Manfred of Sicily would be killed in the losing battle with Charles of Anjou and the papal forces at Benevento, after which the Swabian Hohenstaufen family supporting the Ghibellines lost much of its power. In 1267, the Guelfs regained control over Florence and begin persecuting Farinata's family and other Ghibellines. In 1283, nineteen years after Farinata's death, the Franciscan friar Salmone da Lucca, representing the Inquisition, posthumously condemned Farinata and his wife Adelata as heretics and ordered their remains to be disinterred from the church of Santa Reparata, their heritage to be confiscated, and their former dwellings to be razed. In addition, all members of Farinata's Uberti family were banished from Florence for life. Dante was eighteen years old at the time, and the episode made a great impression on him.