"Then there uprose upon the sight, uncovered Down to the chin, a shadow at his side"

(Canto 10, lines 52-53)

This soul belongs to Cavalcante dei Cavalcanti, a good friend of Dante and the father of Stil Novo poet Guido Cavalcanti. Contemporary sources portray him as a wealthy knight of a striking bearing. He was an important leader of the city's Guelfs, whose home was burned by the Ghibellines after the battle of Montaperti. After the Guelfs had made it back to the city, in order to enforce the peace between the two parties, he agreed for Guido to marry Farinata's daughter Beatrice. His "Epicurean" heresy and disbelief in the immortality of the soul was widely acknowledged at the time - he is even reported to have said that man's greatest happiness is physical pleasure, and that the death of a man is the same as the death of a beast.