"So much still shines on us the Sovereign Ruler"

(Canto 10, line 102)

Commentators debate the exact meaning of these lines: according to some, the capacity which Farinata speaks of - knowing the future only, not the present - is common to all souls in Inferno. Others believe that it is an ability specially conferred on the "Epicureans" because they denied the existence of a life after this one; in this way, blindness concerning the present would be an appropriate punishment. For example, Ciacco, met with in the third circle, seems to know of both the present and the future.