(Canto 14, line 46)
This is Capaneus, one of the Seven Kings against Thebes. For sources to his defiant attitudes against the gods, see Statius' Thebaid, for example book 3: "Valour and the good sword in my hand are the gods I worship ... Fear first created gods in the world!" The same poem treats memorably (in book 10) his death by a divine thunderbolt on the walls of Thebes after he has challenged the guardian gods of the city (Alcides and Bacchus) together with Zeus himself.