Bagnio
Word for a 'bath-house', applied first to a prison for hostages in Istanbul which was located near one, and thereafter to all slave prisons in the Ottoman Empire
Basque
Native of a region which straddles the border between north-eastern Spain and south-western France
Caitiff
Originally an antique term for a 'captive', which became more generally used to indicate a mixture of wickedness and cowardice
Castilian
Native to the medieval Kingdom of Castile
Catafalque
Raised platform supporting and exhibiting a person's corpse during their funeral/memorial service
Chivalry
The implicit code of honour surrounding conceptions of knighthood, which both regulated and glorified the violence at its core
Crupper
A piece of tack which secures the saddle to a horse's rump
Don
Honorific normally reserved for those of royal lineage or very high birth
Doubloon
Gold coin, worth two escudos
Duenna
An elderly woman retained by a household to act as governess to the young girls of a family
Escudo
Valuable gold coin, worth 16 'reales'
Fillip
A flick of the finger
Grandee
A member of the Spanish nobility possessing great prestige, as well as mere wealth (outranking, for instance, a 'hidalgo')
Hidalgo
A member of the Spanish nobility (in Quixote’s case, quite a lowly one)
Knight-errant
Central figure of the chivalric romances - a knight without a master, wandering in search of adventure
Maravedí
Coin representing the smallest unit of Spanish currency at the time
Moors/Moriscos
Terms applied by medieval Europeans to, respectively, the Arabic/African Muslims a force of whom had invaded Spain in the 8th century AD, and those who remained into Cervantes' time as a small, and severely subjugated, proportion of the population
Palfrey
An expensive, highly-bred riding horse
Quixote
An unglamorous piece of armour which protects the thighs
Real
Unit of currency, at the time worth 34 maravedíes. The famous 'piece of eight' refers to the value of one silver peso - eight reales
Rocinante
Meaning either 'No-Longer-a-Nag', or 'First-Among-Nags', depending on one's generosity
Romance
Genre of heroic literature popular in medieval and early-modern Europe, commonly chronicling the adventures of a knight (or knights) errant, and often merging history with figures from legend and classical myth
Squire
A knight’s shield-bearer, typically a young man hoping to attain knighthood himself
Vassal
The subordinate tenant of a feudal lord, bound to provide military service when needed