"we got a Roumanian flag "
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Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeMoldavia and Wallachia, 1859 - Credit: Wikimedia Commons
The Kingdom of Romania was a short-lived monarchy.  Formed from the union of the Danubian prinicipalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, previously the front line of the Russian-Ottoman struggle for dominance, the nation of Romania came into being in 1862.  A Hohenzollern prince, Charles, was appointed Prince of Romania in 1866, changing his name to Carol.  The nation remained under the nominal control of the Ottoman Empire until the Treaty of Berlin in 1878.  Three years later, the Romanian Parliament declared a kingdom, and Carol I was crowned.

Stuck between three bellicose empires, Romania struggled somewhat until the end of WWI, when it managed to double in size through union with regions such as Transylvania.  This land grab set Greater Romania on a collision course with neighbouring Hungary, Bulgaria and the Soviet Union, and it lost most of the new territory to these states during WW2.  The Kingdom staggered on until 1947, when the king was forced to abdicate to make way for a Soviet-controlled communist republic.


Tobacco advert showing Carol I between Romanian flag and coat of arms, 1888
Public DomainTobacco advert showing Carol I between Romanian flag and coat of arms, 1888 - Credit: W. Duke Sons & Co.