"that great shame of my nation, the shame of Cassova"

Battle of Kosovo, 1389
Public DomainBattle of Kosovo, 1389 - Credit: Adam Stefanovic


"Shame of Cassova" refers to the Turkish victory at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, fought between the Serbian Principality and the invading Ottoman Empire.

"the Crescent" refers to the symbol of Islam and the Ottoman Empire.

"Voivode" is the Slavonic title for ‘commanding prince’ or ‘warlord’.