"the ruin of Whitby Abbey"
Whitby Abbey
Public DomainWhitby Abbey - Credit: Nez202/Wikimedia Commons

 Whitby Abbey is a ruined abbey on the East Cliff of Whitby. It was founded in the 7th century, sacked in the 9th century by Viking invaders, re-founded in the 11th century, and was finally destroyed by Henry VIII during the 16th century Dissolution of the Monasteries, leaving only ruins.

The ruins are now preserved by English Heritage and open to the public as a tourist attraction, a striking landmark in a town that has inspired many more strange, spooky and gothic stories.