"the bravest of the sons of the ‘land beyond the forest"
The Austrian Empire in 1850, showing Transylvania in yellow
Public DomainThe Austrian Empire in 1850, showing Transylvania in yellow - Credit: S. A. Mitchell

Transylvania means ‘land beyond the forest.’ 

At one point a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire, Transylvania came under Austrian control in 1683 as part of the Habsburg Empire.  In 1867, it was incorporated into Hungary, within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, although the majority of its people were Romanians.

 

 

Transylvania
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeTransylvania - Credit: Albertistvan