Page 182. " In the train to Exeter "
by hector

Exeter is a small city in Devon, in the southwest of England.  It takes its name from the River Exe. 

The historic centre was largely destroyed by German bombing in World War II.


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Page 183. " taking a 'bus to Hyde Park Corner "
London horse-drawn omnibus (1902)
Public DomainLondon horse-drawn omnibus (1902) - Credit: Henry Charles Moore

Omnibuses were originally horse-drawn public carriages, the first of which was established by George Shillibeer in 1829. They were initially also known as Shillibeer's and later on as 'buses. The era of the horse-drawn omnibus finally came to a close in 1911, after which the service was motorised.


 Hyde Park Corner is located in the West End of London, between Hyde Park and Green Park.  Piccadilly is the street that leads east from Hyde Park Corner, along the north side of Green Park.


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Page 183. " go into the Row for a while "
Rotten Row by James Valentine (1894)
Public DomainRotten Row by James Valentine (1894)

 Rotten Row is a broad track running the length of Hyde Park’s south side. Established by William III in 1690, it was the first ever artificially-lit road in the UK, and was once a very fashionable place to be seen. Today it is still maintained as a place to exercise horses in central London.


Page 183. " a very beautiful girl, in a big cartwheel hat, sitting in a victoria "
A Victoria Carriage
GNU Free Documentation LicenseA Victoria Carriage - Credit: A. McMurray/Wikimedia Commons

A cartwheel hat is a hat with a very large, flat, circular brim. Click here for images of these hats.


A victoria was a light, four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage with a folding hood.

Page 184. " hailed a hansom "
A Hansom Cab
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeA Hansom Cab - Credit: Andrew Dunn/Wikimedia Commons

A hansom was a light, agile two-wheeled carriage drawn by one horse, designed for speed. They were seen as a little ‘racy’ and not generally used by respectable women. They were used as vehicles for hire, and could easily nip in and out of the notorious traffic jams of 19th century London.

Page 185. " If America can go on breeding men like that, she will be a power in the world indeed "
by hector

US Western Hemisphere Domination in 1898
Public DomainUS Western Hemisphere Domination in 1898 - Credit: Philadelphia Press
By 1897, when Dracula was published, the USA was already a commercial power.  It was the world's largest producer of agricultural goods, iron, steel and oil, and new technologies such as electricity and the telephone were in common usage. However Stoker's prediction, that America would become "a power in the world indeed", was to be proven correct far more quickly than he could have anticipated.

In 1898, one year after the book's publication, America defeated imperial Spain in a ten-week war fought in Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.  The victory gave the USA a small colonial empire and left it the unrivalled military and political power in the Western Hemisphere.  It would be just two decades more before World War I and the Treaty of Versailles confirmed the USA's dominant position in the world.

Page 188. " The neighbourhood of Hampstead "
Hampstead Heath
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeHampstead Heath - Credit: Loz Pycock, Flickr

Hampstead is an affluent area of London, situated in the London Borough of Camden.

It has traditionally been seen as the stamping ground of literary, musical, and artistic figures; intellectuals; and middle-class liberals.

One of the main attractions of the area is the large open space known as Hampstead Heath.


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Page 189. " they had been with a ‘bloofer lady "

‘Bloofer lady’ is a childish way of saying ‘beautiful lady.’ This phrase is used in Charles Dickens’ novel Our Mutual Friend (1864-5) in Book 2, Chapter 9.


Page 189. " even Ellen Terry could not be so winningly attractive "
Photo of Ellen Terry at the age of 16
Public DomainPhoto of Ellen Terry at the age of 16 - Credit: wikimedia commons

Dame Ellen Terry was a British actress who performed alongside Sir Henry Irving in the Lyceum Theatre where Bram Stoker worked. She became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain.

Page 190. " under a furze bush at the Shooter's Hill side of Hampstead Heath "
by hector

Creative Commons AttributionGorse - Credit: Dluogs, Flickr
This is a curious way of describing Hampstead geography as Shooter's Hill is in southeast London, the other side of the city from Hampstead Heath.  Read literally, this means the southeast side of the Heath.

"Furze" is gorse.


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Page 191. " London, with its teeming millions "

London was the world's largest city by population from about 1825 to 1925. By 1890, the city had approximately five million inhabitants.


Busy traffic on London Bridge (c. 1900)
Public DomainBusy traffic on London Bridge (c. 1900) - Credit: John L. Stoddard



In his Author’s Note for The Secret Agent (1907), Joseph Conrad describes London as:

a monstrous town more populous than some continents and in its man-made might as if indifferent to heaven’s frowns and smiles; a cruel devourer of the world’s light. There was room enough there to place any story, depth there for any passion, variety there for any setting, darkness enough to bury five million of lives.

Page 195. " it is some of the taste of the original apple that remains still in our mouths "
Adam and Eve
Public DomainAdam and Eve - Credit: wikimedia commons

A reference to the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden, which God forbade the first humans, Adam and Eve, from eating.


The serpent tempted Eve to eat the fruit (there is no mention of an apple in Genesis), and Eve in turn convinced Adam. After eating the fruit they gained knowledge of Good and Evil, and tried to hide their nakedness. God was furious when he saw what they had done, and threw them from the paradisical garden. This is the ‘original sin’ that all humans are tainted with when they are born, according to Christian theology.

Page 199. " which will leave you at Paddington before eight "
by hector

 Paddington is one of London's main railway stations, serving much of the west of England.  The station building was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1854.


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