Page 354. " service for the Burial of the Dead "
by hector
The Burial of Burke, 1911
Public DomainThe Burial of Burke, 1911 - Credit: William Strutt

This is the Order for the Burial of the Dead from the 1662 Book of Common Prayer.  It begins:

I AM the resurrection and the life, saith the Lord: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. St. John 11. 25, 26

I KNOW that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth. And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another. Job 19. 25 - 27

WE brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord. 1 St. Timothy 6.7; Job 1.21

The whole service

Page 354. " took the places secured for us in the Orient Express "
Orient Express Advertisement
Public DomainOrient Express Advertisement - Credit: wikimedia commons

The Orient Express was a long distance passenger train that ran between Paris and Istanbul. It has long been associated with luxury and adventure. The original Orient Express no longer runs, unable to compete with high-speed trains and cheap airlines. However, a private venture called the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express, using original carriages from the 1920s and 30s, continues to operate.


A journey on the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express:




Other famous stories that feature the Orient Express include Around the World in 80 Days (Jules Verne, 1873), Murder on the Orient Express (Agatha Christie, 1934), and From Russia with Love (Ian Fleming, 1957).



Page 356. " perhaps some day this very script may be evidence to come between some of us and a rope "

At this time the usual sentence given to convicted murderers was death by hanging.

Page 359. " Transcendentalism is a beacon to the angels "
by cm

This is a rather confusing line, given the context.  Transcendentalism was a 19th century American movement associated with writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau and Margaret Fuller.  It was a reaction to the contemporary state of US society, favouring the independent individual over the corrupting institutions of religion and politics. 

If anyone can explain what Dr Seward is on about, we'd be glad to update this bookmark: contact

Page 362. " Nay, like the ‘Ugly Duck’ of my friend Hans Andersen "
Young Swans (Cygnets)
GNU Free Documentation LicenseYoung Swans (Cygnets) - Credit: Markus Krötzsch/Wikimedia Commons

 Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) was a Danish author of fairy stories, including The Snow Queen, The Little Mermaid and The Ugly Duckling.


The Ugly Duckling is the story of a little bird who is teased cruelly for being ugly. He is terribly unhappy, until one day he matures into a beautiful swan and is welcomed by others of his kind.



Page 363. " Give me a fulcrum, and I shall move the world "
Archimedes, by Domenico Fetti, 1620
Public DomainArchimedes, by Domenico Fetti, 1620 - Credit: wikimedia commons

 Archimedes was a 3rd century BC Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer and inventor. When describing how a lever works he famously said that if he were given a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, he could move the world.

Archimedes' Lever
Public DomainArchimedes' Lever - Credit: Mechanics Magazine, 1824
Page 363. " Nordau and Lombroso would so classify him "
by hector

Cesare Lombroso (1836-1909) was an Italian criminologist who took the view that criminality was an inherited trait, associated with and recognisable by certain physical characteristics.

His disciple, the Hungarian Max Nordau (1849-1923), similarly argued a connection between physical and moral degeneracy. 

Page 364. " The hunter is taken in his own snare, as the great Psalmist says "
An Illustrated Psalm (Psalm 23)
Public DomainAn Illustrated Psalm (Psalm 23) - Credit: wikimedia commons

This is a reference to a line from Psalm 69 (line 22):

Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap.


A psalm is a sacred poem of praise or faith. 

Page 371. " a Hebrew of rather the Adelphi Theatre type, with a nose like a sheep, and a fez "

By ‘Adelphi Theatre’ type, Stoker means a typical ‘stage Jew,’ i.e. a stereotype used in theatre. Antisemitism, xenophobia and these kinds of racist stereotypes were quite common in literature at this time.

Page 372. " the man who invented the 'Traveller's' typewriter "
An Underwood Typewriter
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeAn Underwood Typewriter - Credit: The Children's Museum of Indianapolis

Traveller's typewriters or portable typewriters were smaller, lighter typewriters that began to be produced towards the end of the 19th century. Blickensderfer's portable typewriters were some of the first to be made. Blickensderfer also developed the first electric typewriter, with a type wheel. It is believed that Mina may be using a Columbia portable typewriter, which came onto the market in 1885 and weighed only 6 pounds, and may also have been used by Bram Stoker to type up Dracula.


Click here to read an article from 1913 on portable typewriters


Images of Columbia typewriters.

Image of one type of Columbia portable typewriter.

Image of a Blickensderfer portable typewriter.

Adverts from 1890, including one for a portable typewriter.

Page 373. " customs and octroi officers "

Octroi Gate, Paris
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeOctroi Gate, Paris - Credit: Gérald Garitan
 Octroi is a local tax on various items brought into an area, on the transfer of goods, or upon entry into or departure from a district. Octroi duties were collected by special officers. These have now mostly been abolished in Europe.

A customs duty is a tax on the importation of goods into a country.

Page 375. " either the Pruth or the Sereth "
The Siret River
Creative Commons AttributionThe Siret River - Credit: Cezar Suceveanu on Wikimedia Commons

The Pruth (or Prut) is a long river that flows through Eastern Europe. Its source is in the Carpathian Mountains in the Ukraine, flowing east and eventually joining the Danube east of the Romanian town Galaţi (Galatz), the place Count Dracula disembarked on his return journey to Transylvania.


The Sereth (or Siret) is another river that begins in the Carpathians in the Ukraine, flowing through Romania before joining the Danube.


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