"Back in 1499, when he was eight, Henry had confronted the famous scholar, Erasmus."
Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam with Renaissance Pilaster. Artist Hans Holbein the Younger (1498-1543)
Public DomainDesiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam with Renaissance Pilaster. Artist Hans Holbein the Younger (1498-1543) - Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Erasmus was a renowned scholar of his day.  A humanist, Catholic priest and theologian who criticised various clerical practices while remaining committed to his  principles of reforming the Church from within, his ideas were influential to the Protestant Reformation.  He did not go far enough in his views to satisfy some Protestants, yet incurred the anger of Catholics.