This montage depicts scenes from some of the most famous of the battles of the Hundred Years War (clockwise): The Battle of Crecy by Josef Malthauser; Battle of La Rochelle by Jean Froissart; Battle of Agincourt by John Gilbert; Siege of Orleans by Jules Eugene Lenepveu.
The name 'The Hundred Years War' was coined by later historians to cover the period 1337 to 1443 and the battles and conflicts during this time between the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet (House of Anjou) for the French throne. In addition, the House of Plantagenet claimed the English throne. Apart from the Pale of Calais, the Plantagenets were eventually defeated in France by the House of Valois. They remained on the throne of England until their overthrow at the end of the Wars of the Roses by the Tudors.
Video: Henry V's speech to his troops before the Battle of Agincourt. Kenneth Branagh plays Henry in the 1989 film of Shakespeare's Henry V. The victories of this English king over the French armies during the the Hundred Years War, especially at Agincourt (1415), must have inspired the young Henry VIII and his own dreams of glory.