Boudicca (Boudicea) was a queen of the Iceni tribe in 60 or 61 AD who led a major uprising against the occupying armies of the Romans. Upon the death of her husband, Prasutagus, a ruler of the Iceni who had enjoyed a certain degree of autonomy from the Roman empire, the terms of his will were overturned. He had left his kingdom to be ruled jointly by his daughters and the Roman empire. But the kingdom was annexed by the Romans, his wife flogged and his daughters raped. In retaliation, Boudicca led the Iceni, with suppport from other tribes, into battle against the Romans, razing the Roman city of Camulodunum (Colchester) to the ground. The Roman governor, Gaius Suetonius Paulonius, returned from a campaign in North Wales to Londinium (London) which he burned, along with Verulamiun (St Albans), fearing he would not be able to defend them.
Boudicca's revolt ended with the defeat of the Britons at the Battle of Watling Street and Roman rule was reasserted. At her defeat, Boudicca either killed herself or died, depending on whether Tacitus or Cassius Dio are consulted. As the Britons did not leave written records of events at this time, we have to rely on Roman commentators for contemporary information.