Winchester in Hampshire, the ancient capital of Wessex and the Kingdom of England, was the setting chosen by Mary for her marriage to Philip. Its cathedral is one of the largest in Europe with the longest nave, making it a fit and magnificent setting for a royal marriage.
Stephen Gardiner, Roman Catholic Bishop of Winchester, suffered the ups and downs of changing regimes and religions that not a few others did during the Tudor period. Imprisoned during the reign of the Protestant Edward VI, he was released when Mary ascended the throne and flourished during her reign, becoming Lord Chancellor, until his death in 1555. He is buried in Winchester Cathedral.