Henry Howard, (1517-1547), a founder of English Renaissance poetry and an aristocrat who could claim descent from royalty on both sides of his family, is credited, along with his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt, with being the first to use the sonnet form, later to be popularised by William Shakespeare. He and Wyatt are referred to as 'The Fathers of the English Sonnet'.
Together with his father, Thomas Howard, the 3rd Duke of Norfolk, he was imprisoned by Henry VIII, tried and pronounced guilty for treason, and beheaded on 13 January 1547.
In 1558 the Bridewell referred to what would have been Bridewell Palace, next to the old Fleet River and near to a well dedicated to St. Bride. It was then an instituion housing a prison, workrooms and hospital. Originally built for Henry VIII who lived there between 1515-1523, it was given to the City of London By Edward VI in 1553 as it was no longer used as a royal residence. It was used to house homeless children and to punish so-called 'disorderly' women. The term 'Bridewell' came to be used for other such institutions and is still used for detention facilities, usually situated near to courtrooms.