Acme
The fullest extent, or absolute peak
AĆ«rial
Existing in or resembling the air - lofty and insubstantial
Aiguille
Sharply pointed mountain pinnacle
Apoplexy
Archaic term for the kind of cerebral hemorrhage now commonly called a 'stroke'
Asseveration
Formal declaration of a statement's truth
Assizes
An English system replicated in Ireland, by which periodic criminal courts were held once a year in each county for trial of the most serious crimes
Augury
A prediction or interpretation of events, from the Roman 'augur': a priestly official tasked with interpreting divine will from earthly omens
Cabriole
Or 'cabriolet' was a light horse-drawn carriage capable of seating two (including the driver), popular for short urban trips - source of the familiar abbreviation 'cab'
Chaise
Horse-drawn carriage popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries - in this case probably a four-wheeled 'post-chaise', for rapid long-distance transport of several passengers
Charnel house
A churchyard vault for storing the skeletal remains exhumed from graves to make way for new burials
Chimerical
Unreal, illusory - from the mythical beast comprised of a lion, a goat, and a serpent
Contemn
To view or treat with contempt
Contumely
An arrogant and scornful manner
Dilatoriness
Quality of being prone to lateness or procrastination
Diligence
A stagecoach capable of carrying over a dozen people long distances, consisting of several linked compartments
Disquisition
An elaborate and formal explanation through analysis
Encomiums
Latin term for the formal expression of praise for a victor
Ennui
French term for a listless unhappiness either causing, or resulting from, inactivity
Exordium
Latin term for the introductory portion of an oration, laying out the goals of a formal argument
Expostulate
To argue with the intention of dissuading someone from a course of action
Ground sea
Nautical term for a heavy, swelling ocean, causing turbulence on and off shore
Haram
A sacred or forbidden area in Islamic society - here possibly substituting for 'harem', the quarters of an Arabic household reserved exclusively for its female members
Incommode
To disturb, or inconvenience
Lassitude
A sense of aimless exhaustion, or indifference
Mahometan
Or Mohammedan, an archaic term for 'Muslim'
Manes
In ancient Roman mythology 'Manes' were the souls of deceased loved ones, always present to judge or guide the actions of the living, who were bound to honour them with sacrifice
Mien
A person's bearing, revealing inner character
Natural philosophy
Name given to the general study of the world's mechanics, preceding specialised scientific disciplines such as 'Physics', 'Biology', etc..
Nicer
'Nice' in its lesser-used sense, meaning capable of subtle or sensitive discernment
Panegyric
Praise in the form of an elaborate and public eulogy
Pertinacity
Persistence
Portmanteau
Form of travelling case popular in the 18th century
Precipitate
To throw downwards from a great height
Prognosticate
To predict or foreshadow future events
Salubrious
Wholesome, beneficial to one's health
Sanguinary
Accompanied by, or eager for, bloodshed
Siroc
The 'sirocco' is a hot and dusty wind which, originating in the Sahara, blows at hurricane speeds across North Africa and Southern Europe
Solemnization
To render official with a formal ceremony
Syndic
Term used in some European countries for a local government representative with varying degrees of administrative power - in 18th-century Geneva, a fairly high one
Tartary
An outdated term for a large portion of eastern Europe and northern Asia which, at one time, was united under the rule of Genghis Khan
Timorous
Apprehensive, timid
Vacillating
To waver indecisively between two points
Variegated
Diversely colourful
Viands
Vital provisions