"Crowley had got a commendation for the Spanish Inquisition. "

The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition, or Spanish Inquisition, was set up in 1478 to enforce Catholic orthodoxy amongst recent converts, particularly Jews and Muslims who had been coerced into Christianity.

It became a vehicle for widescale repression, imprisonment and torture by the Spanish monarchy, targeting a wide range of actual and supposed crimes.  It was finally abolished in 1834.