Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was an English chemist and physicist famous for his pioneering work in electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
While studying the magnetic field around an electric current, Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and the laws of electrolysis. He was also the first to suggest that magnetism could affect light rays. He invented electromagnetic rotary devices that allowed for electricity to be widely used in technology.
Faraday also discovered benzene, invented the Bunsen burner, and popularised terms such as anode, cathode, electrode and ion.
Faraday was appointed the first Fullerian Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institute of Great Britain. To this day, he is regarded as one of the most important scientists of all time.