Page 453. " the Gomerians whistling "
The island of La Gomera
Public DomainThe island of La Gomera - Credit: NASA

Silbo Gomero is the language of whistling used by residents of La Gomera in the Canary Islands to communicate across the large ravines around the island. The language was adapted when the Spanish colonised the island in the 16th century. By the 20th century, the language was almost extinct, until the local government made it mandatory for children to study it.


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Page 466. " young Shirley Temple "
Shirley Temple with Eleanor Roosevelt, 1938
Public DomainShirley Temple with Eleanor Roosevelt, 1938 - Credit: Franklin Delano Roosevelt

At the time, Shirley Temple (born 1928) was a prominent child actress, who had shot to fame in 1934 after appearing in the film Bright Eyes at the age of five. She received a special Academy Award for her work and became a national icon, renowned for her wholesome image, which was widely merchandised. She was the top box office draw between 1935 and 1938, but stepped back from the movie industry to attend high school when she was 12. She went on to appear in a few more films but retired completely in 1950 at the age of 21.

Temple has gone on to sit on the boards of corporations such as the Walt Disney Company, Del Monte Foods and the National Wildlife Federation. She was the United States Ambassador to Ghana in 1974 and Czechoslovakia in 1989.

Page 468. " Llandudno "
Llandudno Bay
Creative Commons AttributionLlandudno Bay - Credit: Maxime Guilbot

Llandudno is a resort town in Conwy County Borough, Wales. It was designed to be a holiday destination in the Victorian era.

The town is famous for one literary connection: it is said to be where Lewis Carroll first told Alice Liddell the stories that would become Alice in Wonderland. Many scholars now argue that this is not the case, and that Carroll in fact never visited the town, but the association remains. In 1933, David Lloyd George dedicated a statue of the White Rabbit in the town.


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