Page 3. " crystal palace "
Crystal Palace, 1851
Public DomainCrystal Palace, 1851 - Credit: Paul Furst

The Crystal Palace was an iron and glass building set up in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851.

The latest technological marvels of the Industrial Revolution and colonial exploration were displayed there, such as the Koh-i-noor diamond and the world's first automatic voting machine. The exhibition was visited by the likes of Charles Darwin, Charlotte Brontë, Lewis Carroll, as well as 6 million other members of the public.

The exhibition, though highly popular, attracted controversy among those who feared the mass attendance could breed revolution, as well as those who saw it as representing the worst excesses of capitalism.

The building was moved to Sydenham in 1854, where it stood until 1936 when it was destroyed by a fire.

Page 6. " The great power station and the gasworks beyond "
Battersea Power Station
Public DomainBattersea Power Station - Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Battersea Power Station was a coal-fired power station on the south bank of the Thames.

It was built in the 1930s after Parliament decided that electricity should be supplied by a publicly-owned utility with a standard voltage and frequency. Existing companies decided to operate out of a few large power stations rather than many smaller ones.

Battersea Power Station was the first of these. The plans were drawn up in 1927. The Thames would provide cooling water and enable easy delivery of coal by boat. Concerns that it would be an eyesore and cause damaging pollution were addressed by hiring famous architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, designer of the red telephone box, and implementing treatments of emissions to reduce the level of smoke.

Building was completed in 1935 on Station A. Station B was begun after the end of the Second World War.

Page 9. " Miss Grable "
Betty Grable
Public DomainBetty Grable - Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Betty Grable (1916-1973) was an actress, dancer and singer. She was the most famous pin-up girl at the time of the Second World War.

She was also noted for her legs, which were greatly admired by hosiery specialists, and were even insured for $1,000,000.



Page 18. " Johnny Doughboy Found a Rose in Ireland "

'Johnny Doughboy Found a Rose in Ireland' is a song composed by Al Goodhart and Kay Twomey for the 1942 film Johnny Doughboy.

'Doughboy' was a slang term for an American soldier, particularly during the First World War. By the Second World War, the term had become largely arcane, replaced by words such as 'G.I.', 'Troop' and 'Dogface'.

Listen on Spotify

Page 18. " George Formby "

George Formby Jr. was an English singer and comedian. A popular star of stage and screen, he was widely known for his use of the banjo ukelele, his Lancashire accent, his use of a 'split stroke' rhythm technique, and his catchphrases 'Turned out nice again!' 'Eeh, isn't it grand!' and 'Haha, never touched me!'