"His Features are stong and masculine, with an Austrian Lip"

King Phillip II
GNU Free Documentation LicenseKing Phillip II - Credit: Matthew G. Bisanz
The Hapsburg family, which ruled Austria in Swift's time, and which had also ruled Spain until 1700, was characterized by thick underlips and jutting lower jaws, an inherited characteristic.

It was not beautiful, and in the case of Charles II, the last Hapsburg king of Spain, the "Austrian lip" was so pronounced and the lower jaw stuck out so far that he could not chew his food properly; it had to be cut into small pieces for him.

Nevertheless, because the Hapsburgs reigned as Holy Roman Emperors and had greater social standing than any other European monarchs, this physical distortion took on a kind of aristocratic distinction.