"the contorted mangroves"

Mangroves are trees or shrubs that grow in tropical and subtropical coastal areas. They are characterised by dense thickets of tangled roots which grow above ground. Mangrove forests cover most of the coastal regions of Africa, over 3.2 million hectares in all (about 19% of global coverage). On the west coast, they stretch from Mauritania down to Angola.


Mangroves (Rhizophora mangle) along the Congo River
Creative Commons AttributionMangroves along the Congo River (1905) - Credit: Freshwater and Marine Image Bank