"he later campaigned enthusiastically for election to the college of Augurs."

Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (chief priest of the college of Pontiffs)
Public DomainAugustus as Pontifex Maximus (chief priest of the college of Pontiffs) - Credit: RyanFreisling/Wikimedia Commons
The priestly colleges in Rome were orders of priests who oversaw the religious activity of the state. There were four main colleges: the augurs, who interpreted the will of the gods through reading the auspices (reading omens in the flight of birds), the pontiffs, the highest ranking priests in control of the vestal virgins and other important orders, the quindecimviri sacris faciundis (the order of fifteen), who looked after the Sibylline Books said to foretell the history of Rome, and the Epulones, in charge of religious feasts and festivals. A Roman priest was not prohibited from marrying and having children, and membership of one of the priestly colleges could often be a step up on the route to political power.