"the gaucho Martin Fíerro"
Martin Fierro First Edition
Public DomainMartin Fierro First Edition - Credit: LadyInGrey

The Argentine writer José Hernández (1834-1886) wrote his epic two-part poem about the fictional gaucho, Martin Fíerro, in protest against the Europeanisation of Argentina and as a celebration of the gauchos' role in ending Spanish colonial rule.