Mad King Ludwig II of Bavaria is also sometimesĀ referred to as the Fairy Tale King on account of the fanciful castles he built. A friend and benefactor of Richard Wagner, he was also the subject of a film by the Italian director Luchino Visconti, who portrayed him as a neurotic, homosexual recluse. He was deposed on grounds of insanity in 1886 and died mysteriously before the medical diagnosis could be confirmed.