"Pedro de Sarmiento"

Explorers at Port Famine 1846
Public DomainExplorers at Port Famine 1846 - Credit: Louis Le Breton
The Spanish explorer and writer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa was on the first vessel to traverse the Strait of Magellan from west to east. He was later sent out by King Philip II of Spain to fortify the area and in 1583 settled a colony he called Rey Don Felipe, but it was short-lived. When the English explorer Thomas Cavendish arrived in 1587 he found only ruins and renamed it Port Famine.