"the settlement graduated from Naval base to convict station"
The prison at the end of the world
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe prison at the end of the world - Credit: Luis Argerich

The building of Ushuaia prison was central to the development of the town and settlement of the area. The Argentines treated it much as the British had treated Port Arthur in Van Diemen's Land, putting convicts to work constucting the town and railway in a landscape they had no hope of ever escaping.

Ushuaia today
GNU Free Documentation LicenseUshuaia today - Credit: Jerzy Strzelecki