"Captain John Davis"
An aerial view of the Straits of Magellan shows the treacherous terrain Davis had to navigate
Public DomainAn aerial view of the Straits of Magellan shows the treacherous terrain Davis had to navigate - Credit: Jacques Descloitres

Davis sailed with Thomas Cavendish who was commanding the Black Pinnace at the time. On May 20th 1592 the ships lost touch and Davis ran into problems in the Strait of Magellan.

Chatwin reprints a passage from his diaries, published as The Voyages and Works of John Davis in 1880.  Once Davis had cleared the Straits he anchored at Penguin Island, but was later caught in a storm and swept towards the Falkland Islands: the first recorded sighting.