"there were five contenders"
a Pangolin
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeA Giant Pangolin - Credit: Marc Eschenlohr

Chatwin lists the mythical creatures that folklore suggests survived the Ice Age: the Yemische, the Succurath, the Yaquarũ, the Elengassen and the huge animal 'resembling a Giant Pangolin.' Although Ameghino failed to produce his Yemische the myths continue to intrigue. In 2006 Josh Bernstein of the Royal Geographical Society conducted his own journey to Patagonia to discover the story of the Mylodon - and its relationship to these ancient myths - in his documentary The Giants of Patagonia.

The Giant Pangolin, which does exist, is a scaly anteater native to Africa.