"Mamma would come in and kiss me after I was in bed"

The narrator's childhood fixation with his mother has been read in Freudian terms as an Oedipal complex (a sexual fixation with the mother and a corresponding desire to murder the father). However, Freud had no direct influence on Proust's work, although they were interested in similar ideas: the influence of childhood, involuntary memory, and the role of the unconscious.