" a passage in Saint-Simon "
Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1675-1755), is later revealed to be Swann's favourite writer. A soldier and a diplomat, Saint-Simon's memoirs are full of gossip, character sketches and insights into his times.
" Le Miracle de Théophile "
A medieval miracle play written by Rutebeuf around 1216, referring to the story of St Theophilus of Adana, who made a pact with the devil and then repudiated it.
" La Mare au Diable, François le Champi, La Petite Fadette and Les Maîtres Sonneurs "
George Sand by Nadar
These are all novels by the French nineteenth century writer George Sand, whose real name was Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin, Baroness Dudevant (1804-1876).
" several 'thicknesses' of art "
This is directly lifted from Proust's own life. His grandmother would line his bedroom walls with pictures of scenes made famous in paintings.
" Morghen's print of Leonardo's Last Supper "
Morghen's engraving of Da Vinci's Last Supper
Raffaello Sanzio Morghen (1758-1833) was an Italian engraver. For a long time, before mass travel and photography, engravings such as this were the only way people could see art from outside of their own country.
" she had chosen François Le Champi "
Usually translated as The Country Waif, this is a rather inappropriate choice for a mother to read to her over-affectionate son as it deals with a quasi-incestuous relationship between an orphan and a woman who befriends him.