Page 108. " The road goes ever on and on "

This Hobbit walking song, sung several times both in the Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings. It has been set to music in several different ways- here's just one example of the full song.

For anybody who's very new to western literature and hasn't heard of Lord of the Rings before, the best place to start is probably with an understanding of the author, J.R.R. Tolkein.

Page 109. " 'Liguria,' she said. 'Aha.' "

Lago di Como
Creative Commons AttributionLago di Como - Credit: Antonis Lamnatos
Liguria is a small coastal region in the north of Italy, and bears the distinction of being almost the only non-fictional place named in Inkheart. You can read more about it on its Wikipedia page.

For those interested in linking the other places in Inkheart to specific world geography, the 2008 movie Inkheart used North Italy's Lago di Como as Elinor's home; the nationality of the author and the length of time it takes Meggie and Mo to drive to Elinor's house suggests that they live somewhere in southern Germany, although where exactly is left extremely ambiguous. In fact, there's no mention of nationality anywhere in the English text of Inkheart, despite its international setting, and none of the characters ever encounter language barriers with people from other countries or worlds- perhaps this is a parallel universe where everybody in Europe automatically speaks the same language?

Page 115. " he probably flew to beyond the Dark Regions "

Isaac Bashevis Singer is a Jewish-American writer with Polish roots. He was particularly famous for being part of a movement to use Yiddish, a traditional Jewish language, when writing, and Naftali the Storyteller and his Horse Sus is just one of his many Yiddish works.

The Library of Congress currently has an online exhibition of Singer's life here.

Page 117. " princes walled up alive "

Public DomainUgolino
The most famous Italian to apparently be immured (that's the official term for killing somebody by walling them within a building, by the way) was Ugolino della Gherardesca, a 13th century nobleman. He was accused of treason and locked up in a tower with his sons and grandsons, after which the key was allegedly thrown away and the five were left to starve to death. Popular myth also has Ugolino eating the corpses of his dead offspring after they themselves died, giving him the nickname "the Cannibal Count". Just another cheerful day in Medieval Italy!

Page 119. " A great many were yellow "

colors in liguria
Creative Commons Attributioncolors in liguria - Credit: spettacolopuro

Full size image here