During the rule of Napoleon III, the style of architecture which bears his name flourished in Paris. The goal was beauty with purpose. Key elements of the style include high facades, mansard roofs, and rich decoration.
Notre Dame de Paris (Our Lady of Paris) is a Roman Catholic cathedral on the banks of the River Seine.
This stunning architectural creation took 182 years to build (1163-1345). It was seriously damaged during the French Revolution in 1793, and underwent extensive restoration during the 1800s.
It was the setting for Victor Hugo's famous book of 1831, The Hunchback Of Notre Dame.
Today it is a popular tourist attraction and a key landmark in Paris.