Fontainebleau is a town 30 miles south of Paris. Surrounded by thick forest, it was a country retreat for the kings of France. Curiously, by the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762) France secretly ceded Louisiana and New Orleans to Spain. France took Louisiana back in 1800, only to sell it to the USA three years later.
Originally a royal palace, the Louvre has been a public museum since 1793, and has undergone a number of changes. In Napoleon's time, for example, it was renamed the Musée Napoléon. It is now the most visited museum in the world, and houses 35,000 objects ranging from pre-history to the 19th century, including the famous Mona Lisa.