"Uraniborg"
by cm
Uraniborg
Public DomainUraniborg

When the great Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) was granted the funding and land to build a research institute, he named it after Urania, the muse of Astronomy.   Constructed between 1576 and 1580 on the island of Hven near Copenhagen (now part of Sweden), the elaborate building and gardens cost 1% of the Danish state’s total budget – the largest state subsidy ever made to a scientific project.  It was however found to be unsuitable, and was abandoned just 17 years after construction, and destroyed four years later.