Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth - Credit: Andrew Yong
The Royal Naval Academy
was established at Portsmouth in 1733, to recruit and train officers. However, the traditional apprenticeship model remained the favoured route to promotion, and Academy graduates were viewed as having poor discipline and connections compared to those trained at sea. It was replaced by the much larger and better accepted Royal Naval College, which opened in 1808. From 1863, officer training shifted to Dartmouth, where the Britannia Royal Naval College is now the only RN officer training college.