This map plots the settings and references in Lord of the Flies
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Lord of the Flies takes place on an uninhabited island in the Pacific Ocean. It is tropical, with palm trees and a coral reef.
Golding tells us that the island is "boat-shaped", with a jungle at one end and a rocky mountain above it. At the opposite end is the lagoon where the boys first meet after their plane crash. The island is a very isolated place, and has no contact with the outside world.
We can only assume that the year is roughly around the time Golding was writing (early 1950s), when the United States was engaged in a deadly struggle with the USSR for nuclear supremacy.
A coral reef is a marine structure built up of coral and other organic material. There are two distinct regions in which coral reefs are primarily found: the Wider Caribbean (Atlantic Ocean) and the Indo-Pacific (from East Africa and the Red Sea to the Central Pacific Ocean). Coral Reefs are home to over 25 percent of all marine life, and are a fragile and endangered ecosystem.
Chatham grew up around the Royal Navy dockyard established by Henry VIII and later improved by Charles I. The Naval base closed in the early 1980s.
Devonport is a suburb of Plymouth in Devon. The Naval base at Devonport is one of the largest in Western Europe.