"How many a time have we mourned over the dead body of Julius Caesar, and to be'd and not to be'd, in this very room"
John Philip Kemble as Hamlet in 1802
Public DomainJohn Philip Kemble as Hamlet in 1802 - Credit: Sir Thomas Lawrence

 Gaius Julius Caesar (100BC-44BC) was a Roman general and political leader who was assassinated by a group of Roman senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. The murder is portrayed in William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, believed to have been written in 1599.

'To be, or not to be' is the opening line of a monologue spoken by Hamlet, the eponymous hero of a play by Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601.

To be, or not to be, that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them?