Page 136. " You must get a brown gown, and a white apron, and a mob cap "

A mob cap was a type of indoor bonnet, usually with a frill, which was worn by women and girls in the 18th and early 19th centuries.


Abigail Smith Adams (1800/1815)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeAbigail Smith Adams (1800/1815) - Credit: Gilbert Stuart
Portrait of a young woman (1818)
Public DomainPortrait of a young woman (1818) - Credit: Wilhelm von Kobell
Penelope Boothby (1788)
Public DomainPenelope Boothby (1788) - Credit: Sir Joshua Reynolds


Page 141. " Tintern Abbey held its station between a cave in Italy, and a moonlight lake in Cumberland. "
Depiction of Tintern Abbey in pencil and watercolour
Public DomainDepiction of Tintern Abbey in pencil and watercolour - Credit: J.M.W. Turner

 Tintern Abbey is a ruined Cistercian monastery on the banks of the River Wye in Monmouthshire in southeast Wales. Founded in 1131, it was one of the many casualties of Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries which took place between 1536 and 1541.

The English Romantic poet William Wordsworth (1770-1850) wrote a poem whose full title is 'Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey' but which is generally known simply as 'Tintern Abbey'. It was the final poem in his Lyrical Ballads, published in 1798.

Cumberland is one of the historic counties of the English Lake District in northwest England. It was in existence from the 12th century until 1974, and is now known as Cumbria.


Buttermere in the English Lake District
GNU Free Documentation LicenseButtermere in the English Lake District - Credit: Mick Knapton




Page 144. " You in the meanwhile will be taking a trip into China, I suppose. How does Lord Macartney go on? "
Lord George Macartney on his embassy to China (c.1800)
Public DomainLord George Macartney on his embassy to China (c.1800) - Credit: unknown
Caricature of Lord Macartney's Embassy to China (1792)
Public DomainCaricature of Lord Macartney's Embassy to China (1792) - Credit: James Gillray

 George, Lord Macartney (1737-1806), an Irish-born politician and diplomat, was the first British envoy to China.

Extracts from his journal about his experiences in China were published in 1807 in Sir John Barrow's Some Account of the Public Life, and a Selection from the Unpublished Writings, of the Earl of Macartney.

Page 144. " And here are Crabbe's Tales, and the Idler "

 George Crabbe (1754-1832), the English poet and naturalist, published his Tales in Verse in 1812.

The Idler was the title of a series of 103 essays which appeared in the London weekly newspaper The Universal Chronicle or Weekly Gazette between 1758 and 1760. They were mainly written by Dr Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), the author and lexicographer.



Page 149. " Do you remember Hawkins Browne's address to Tobacco, in imitation of Pope? "
Alexander Pope (ca.1742)
Public DomainAlexander Pope (ca.1742) - Credit: Jean-Baptiste van Loo

 The poem recalled by Miss Crawford is entitled A Pipe of Tobacco: In Imitation of Six Several Authors by Isaac Hawkins Brown (1705-1760). It was first published in 1736. As well as being a parody of the work of Alexander Pope, it also parodied the work of five other contemporary poets including Colley Cibber, Ambrose Philips and Jonathan Swift.