Page 77. " with all its rights of Court-Leet and Court-Baron "
15th century manor house at Great Chalfield in Wiltshire
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike15th century manor house at Great Chalfield in Wiltshire - Credit: Trish Steel

 The Court Leet and the Court Baron were two components of the medieval Manor Court by which Lords of the Manor were allowed to deal with matters arising in relation to their own tenants within their own territory. Both courts would be presided over by the lord or his steward.

The Court Leet had the power to deal with petty criminal activity, while the Court Baron was concerned mainly with administrative matters and land transfer.

Page 79. " Mr. Rushworth mentioned his curricle "
A curricle
GNU Free Documentation LicenseA curricle - Credit: Morburre

 A curricle was a light chaise which was fashionable in the early 19th century. It was drawn by a pair of horses and was large enough to hold the driver and one other passenger.

Click here to see an image of a curricle.

Page 80. " to contribute to the window tax "
Blocked up windows in the Bank of England (1842)
Public DomainBlocked up windows in the Bank of England (1842) - Credit: Thomas Shotter Boys

 Window tax was introduced in England and Wales in 1696; property owners paid differing amounts of tax according to the number of windows in their properties, thus ensuring that the wealthiest members of society paid the most tax. To reduce it, property owners started blocking up some of their windows.

The tax was abolished in 1851, but even today one may see the legacy of the window tax in old buildings which still have some of their windows blocked up.


The legacy of the window tax: Portland Street, Southampton
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe legacy of the window tax: Portland Street, Southampton - Credit: Whilesteps


Page 80. " No banners, cousin, to be 'blown by the night wind of Heaven.' No signs that a 'Scottish monarch sleeps below.' "
Melrose Abbey in 1800
Public DomainMelrose Abbey in 1800 - Credit: John Stoddart

Fanny's quotes come from 'The Lay of the Last Minstrel', a lengthy narrative poem by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)  first published in 1805. The relevant lines appear in Stanzas 10 and 12 of Canto 2:

Full many a scutcheon and banner riven,
Shook to the cold night-wind of heaven

They sate them down on a marble stone,
(A Scottish monarch slept below;)

The descriptions in the poem are of Melrose Abbey in Melrose, Scotland, which was founded in 1136.

Full text


Sir Walter Scott
Public DomainSir Walter Scott - Credit: Henry Raeburn

Page 81. " in James the Second's time "
King James II/VII
Public DomainKing James II/VII - Credit: unknown

 King James II (1633-1701) of England, Wales and Ireland (also known as King James VII of Scotland) reigned between 1685 and 1688. His Catholic faith led to political tensions, and he was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 by William of Orange and those who  supported the Protestant cause.

Page 87. " supposing the preacher to have the sense to prefer Blair's to his own "
Hugh Blair (1798)
Public DomainHugh Blair (1798) - Credit: John Kay

 Hugh Blair (1718-1800) was a Scottish author and minister in the Church of Scotland, as well as Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres at the University of Edinburgh. One of his best-known works was Sermons (a five-volume series of his own sermons), the first volume of which was published in 1777.





Page 89. " looking over a ha-ha into the park "
Ha-ha at Lydiard Park, Swindon
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeHa-ha at Lydiard Park, Swindon - Credit: Brian Robert Marshall

 In garden design, a  ha-ha is a concealed trench whose purpose is to create a barrier, usually to keep livestock out, while at the same time allowing an unobstructed view from a garden or park. It also refers to the type of ditch sometimes known as a deer-leap, one side of which is vertical and lined with brick or stone.

Page 93. " I cannot get out, as the starling said "
Portrait of Laurence Sterne
Public DomainPortrait of Laurence Sterne - Credit: unknown

 The caged starling appears in the novel A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy (1768) by Laurence Sterne (1713-1768). In the chapter entitled 'The Passport, the Hotel at Paris', Mr Yorick, the first person narrator, says:

"In my return back through the passage, I heard the same words repeated twice over; and, looking up, I saw it was a starling hung in a little cage - 'I can't get out, - I can't get out,' said the starling."



Page 97. " chit-chat, and Quarterly Reviews "

 The Quarterly Review was a literary and political magazine. Publication began in 1809 and ceased in 1967.