ague
a violent fever
alloy
something that detracts from something else
alms-houses
homes for poor people (usually elderly ones) the building and running of which are funded by private charity
apopleptic
liable to suffer apoplexy (a stroke)
apostrophe
a point during speaking when someone addresses another person (who may be present or absent) by name
appearance
the act of coming into the public eye in a social capacity
articles
the sections of a written agreement (such as a marriage agreement)
astern
behind, to the rear of
bailiff
someone who manages an estate for a landowner
band-box
a box made of cardboard or chipboard for holding hats, caps and collars
bespeak
request
blackguard
scoundrel; worthless character
bon mot
something said which is clever or witty
bon vivant
a person who enjoys the good things in life
brace
two (of something)
burlesque
an attempt to impress which would come across as ridiculous or pathetic
cadet
younger brother or younger son
cant
tone, intonation
carpet work
possibly, the embroidering of a table cloth
catchword
cue (for an actor)
chariot
coach or carriage
closet
a private room, especially one used for prayer
cloth (the)
the clergy, the clerical profession,or the post of clergyman
collation
a light meal, usually cold, often consisting of fruit, sweets and wine
compass
proper proportion
competence
the means of living comfortably, a comfortable home or estate
complaisance
making oneself agreeable, or making the effort to please other people
compute
estimate, reckon, or take into consideration
con amore (It.)
with love or delight
confederacy
conspiracy
consumptive
having a tendency to be affected by consumption (lung disease)
cordial
an invigorating medicine, food or drink
countenance
a calm or confident appearance and bearing
coxcomb
a fool, or a showy, vain person
creepmouse
a timid or shy individual
curate
a deputy or assistant to a parish priest
cut capers
behave (or dance about) in a playful way
cypher
a nonentity; a person whose existence is meaningless
demesnes
lands, estates
descried
caught sight of from a distance
dilapidations
the sum paid by the outgoing tenant to an incoming tenant in an ecclesiastical property, to cover the cost of repairs
dowager
a widow who has inherited a title or property (or both) from her husband
dressed
prepared for use as food
dressing-closet
a room, usually leading off a bedroom, for getting dressed in
ducks and drakes (as in 'make ducks and drakes with')
squander
duenna
an elderly lady who acts as a chaperone
earnest
a foretaste or promise
eat mutton with
dine with
eclaircissement
revelation of something previously unknown
eclat
brilliance; dazzling effect
epicurism
refined taste in food and drink
epilogue
the concluding part of a literary work or of a speech
equinox
the equator
esprit de corps
solidarity with/ support for those in a similar position
etourderie
thoughtlessness; carelessness
evanescent
fleeting; impermanent
exigeant
exacting or demanding
fancy
imagination
festoons
chains or garlands which are hung suspended between two points; often, curtains or blinds hung in this way
finger glass
a glass holding water, used to rinse the fingers after eating dessert
forbear
avoid; dispense with; abstain from. Also, to put up with; to have patience with
frank
to sign a letter to ensure that it is sent free of charge
furlong
220 yards; one eighth of a mile
gaming
gambling
gentlewoman
a well-bred woman from a highly respectable background
haunch
the leg and loin of an animal served as meat
homestall
homestead
imposition
deception
indigent
deficient; not up to standard
in equity
in fairness
in propria persona
in her (or his) own right
interest
influence due to personal connections. Also, concerns
jointure
the arrangement whereby a woman receives her husband's estate following his death
knapsack
a strong canvas or leather bag carried on the backs of soldiers or travellers
knoll
the summit, or rounded top, of a hill or mountain
larboard
the left side of a ship from the point of view of a person facing the bows (the front of a ship); the opposite of 'starboard'
leaders
the front horses in a team
living
the post of clergyman and the accommodation and salary that goes with it
lubberly
loutish; clumsy; stupid; lazy
menus plaisirs
small personal expenses or pleasures
Michaelmas
The feast of St. Michael which occurs on September 29th; traditionally, one of the four quarter days of the English year
motes
specks of dust, especially those which are visible in sunbeams
negus
a mixture of wine (especially port or sherry) and hot water, sweetened and flavoured
netting-box
a box to hold materials for making nets
nice
particular; difficult to please
nicety
fastidiousness; delicacy of feeling; precision
observance
deference or respect
offices
the parts of a house involved with cooking and housekeeping, such as the kitchen, pantry, scullery and outhouses
open (weather)
free from frost
orders
the position of an ordained clergyman in the Church; it is possible, therefore, to speak of 'taking (holy) orders', or 'being in (holy) orders'
orthography
correct spelling
overcoming
conquering; overpowering
packet
short for 'packet-boat', a boat which moves regularly between two ports in order to transport mail and passengers
palisades
a fence made of stakes or poles
participate
share, be a part of
pleasantry
good-humoured ridicule; facetiousness
portmanteau
a travelling case or bag, especially for use on horseback
preciseness
primness; rigidity of behaviour or morals
preferment
a post or appointment which offers social or financial improvement, especially in the Church
presentation
the action of offering a clergyman a parish to administer and a place to live in the parish
preventing
acting more quickly than
prize money
money obtained through the capture of enemy goods or property during a war
prognostications
predictions
quizzing
making fun of
ramparts
mounds of earth constructed for defence, wide enough at the top to allow the passage of vehicles and people; usually protected by parapets (stone walls)
receipt
recipe
regale (noun)
entertainment; refreshment
regaled
entertained or delighted (by something)
rencontre (usually rencounter)
a meeting of two people
repartee
a clever or witty reply
retrench
to cut down on expenses
reversion
the right of an heir to succeed to an estate
rusticity
awkwardness; lack of breeding, culture or refinement
sanguine
hopeful or confident
secession
withdrawal
serpentine
tortuous or winding
squadron
a group of naval warships involved in a particular task
stall
a seat in a church/cathedral for the use of the clergy, and , by extension, any important role within a church/cathedral setting
steward
someone who manages an estate for a landowner
stick
a bad actor
stocks
the framework on which a boat or ship is constructed
stucco
a type of plaster used on walls and ceilings, and for creating mouldings and cornices
supineness
inertness or indolence
tablets
small, stiffened cardboard or wooden sheets covered with wax, which could be carried in a pocket and used as a sort of 'notebook'
toilettes
the process of washing, dressing and grooming
transparencies
pictures or prints made of translucent materials
under strappers
underlings; subordinates; assistants
under weigh
underway
vestibule
an antechamber, lobby or hall, just inside the entrance door of a house
vitiated
spoiled or corrupted
wainscot
oak boards used for panelling